BAHAN PERUSAK OZON (BPO) DAN PENGGUNAANNYA

Bahan Perusak Ozon (BPO) dan penggunaannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari masih saja ditemukan. Padahal penggunaan Bahan Perusak Ozon menjadi pemicu utama menipisnya lapisan ozon, di samping penggundulan hutan (deforestasi) dan gas buang kendaraan bermotor dan pabrik.

Bahan Perusak Lapisan Ozon (BPO) adalah senyawa-senyawa kimia yang dapat bereaksi dengan molekul ozon di lapisan stratosfer, sehingga menjadikan lapisan ozon semakin tipis bahkan rusak. Dalam masyarakat modern senyawa-senyawa kimia perusak lapisan ozon banyak digunakan oleh manusia mulai di rumah tangga hingga dunia industri. Semakin banyak penggunaan bahan kimia perusak ozon maka akan semakin memperparah kerusakan lapisan ozon.

Padahal lapisan ozon yang terdapat di stratosfer, sekitar 50 km dari permukaan bumi, menjadi pelindung bumi dari radiasi ultraviolet yang disebabkan oleh matahari. Menipisnya lapisan ozon mengakibatkan pemanasan global yang memicu pencairan es di kutub, peningkatan tinggi permukaan air laut, tidak menentunya cuaca dan iklim, dan meningkatnya bencana alam. Penipisan lapisan ozon pun mengakibatkan meningkatkan radiasi ultraviolet sinar matahari ke bumi yang dapat menimbulkan penyakit kanker kulit, katarak mata, dan mengurangi daya tahan tubuh terhadap penyakit infeksi, menghambat pertumbuhan tanaman, hingga memusnahkan organisme kecil di bumi.

Protokol Montreal, sebuah perjanjian internasional pada tahun 1987, telah mengatur pengawasan produksi, konsumsi, dan perdagangan bahan-bahan perusak lapisan ozon. Protokol Montreal mengalami penyempurnaan melalui Amandemen London (1989), Amandemen Kopenhagen (1992), Amandemen Montreal (1997), serta Amandemen Beijing (1999), di mana pada kesemuanya Indonesia ikut meratifikasi. Selain mencantumkan jenis-jenis bahan kimia perusak ozon pun memuat jadwal penghapusan masing-masing jenis Bahan Perusak Ozon (BPO). (Baca : Hari Perlindungan Lapisan Ozon Sedunia 2014)

Adapun bahan-bahan perusak ozon dan penggunaannya antara lain :

  • Klorofluorokarbon (CFC) atau freon. Jenis CFC yang kerap digunakan adalah CFC-11 (trichloromonofluoromethane) dan CFC-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane). Bahan kimia ini banyak digunakan sebagai bahan pengembang dalam pembuatan busa dan panel insulasi, bahan pendingin dalam berbagai berbagai peralatan refrigerasi, serta bahan pendorong (propelan) dalam tabung spray, bahan pelarut dan pembersih. Barang-barang yang kerap menggunakannya adalah lemari es, Air Conditioner (AC), dan aerosol.
  • Hidroklorofluorokarbon (HCFC) atau freon, penggunaannya sama seperti CFC.
  • Halon. Jenisnya adalah bromo chlorodifluoro methane dan bromo triifuoro methane, digunakan sebagai bahan pemadam kebakaran.
  • Carbon Tetrachloride (CC14) atau karbon tetraklorida. Digunakan sebagai bahan pelarut, pembersih, bahan pemadam kebakaran, dan refrigerasi.
  • Methyl Chloroform (CH3CCI3). penggunaannya sama dengan karbon tetraklorida.
  • Methyl Bromida (CH3Br). Digunakan sebagai pestisida, bahan fumigasi dalam pergudangan dan dan karantina pertanian.

Kini telah banyak barang yang tidak lagi menggunakan bahan-bahan perusak ozon tersebut, meskipun tidak semuanya. Namun sebelum semua bahan-bahan kimia tersebut dihapus, cukup bijak jika kemudian kita selektif dalam memilih produk-produk yang bebas dari bahan perusak ozon.

2,587 thoughts on “BAHAN PERUSAK OZON (BPO) DAN PENGGUNAANNYA”

  1. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Outstanding work!

  2. Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is important and everything. However think of if you added some great pictures or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and video clips, this site could definitely be one of the very best in its niche. Terrific blog!

  3. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with
    SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some
    targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains.

    If you know of any please share. Kudos!

    Here is my web-site … CyrusURigali

  4. Just want to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is simply nice and
    i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me
    to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.

    My web page MarioAMeurin

  5. Hmm it looks like your website ate my first comment (it had been extremely long) and so i guess I’ll
    just sum it up the things i submitted and say,
    I’m thoroughly enjoying your website. I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still a new comer to the whole thing.
    Do you have any tips and hints for inexperienced blog writers?
    I’d really appreciate it.

    My web blog; YettaXPouche

  6. Does your blog use a contact page? I’m having
    trouble locating it but, I’d want to shoot an e-mail.
    I’ve got some ideas for your personal blog you might be considering hearing.
    In any case, great site and so i anticipate seeing it expand as time passes.

    Also visit my site … StarNRagno

    1. Thanks on the marvelous publishing! I in fact liked reading through it, you may well be an awesome writer. I will remember to bookmark your blog site and will inevitably come back later in life. I need to persuade that you choose to go on your terrific writing, Have got a nice evening! benmmdi.se/map3.php take a look at velocity take a look at

  7. Someone essentially lend a hand to create significantly articles I would personally state.
    This can be the first time I frequented your web site and for this point?
    I amazed with all the analysis you designed to make this
    actual post amazing. Magnificent job!

    Take a look at my web site; WendellWOcon

  8. Great post. I was checking constantly this website and I’m impressed!
    Extremely useful information specifically the very last part 🙂 I maintain such information a
    whole lot. I found myself seeking this certain info for the long time.
    Many thanks and best of luck.

    My blog post … wallet size notebook

  9. I’ve been exploring for slightly for any top quality articles or weblog posts for this type
    of house . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually found this
    site. Reading this info So i am satisfied to exhibit that I actually have
    a very good uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed.
    I so much beyond doubt can make sure to will not disregard
    this site and give it a peek on a relentless basis.

    my homepage … travelers notebook as a wallet

  10. Hey! I am aware this can be somewhat off topic however i
    was wondering in the event you knew where I
    could possibly get a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

    My webpage – MinaOEaley

    1. Certainly feel that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be over the internet the simplest point to be familiar with. I say for you, I surely get irked although men and women give thought to anxieties that They simply do not know about. You managed to strike the nail upon the very best and described out the whole detail with out possessing facet-outcomes , individuals could have a sign. Will most likely be again to get more. Many thanks

    1. Greetings! I do know That is type of off topic but I was wanting to know if you realized in which I could get yourself a captcha plugin for my comment type? I’m utilizing the very same weblog platform as yours And that i’m getting challenges locating one particular? Thanks a great deal!

  11. I run a vape shop directory site and we have had a posting from a vape store in the USA that likewise offers CBD product lines. A Month later on, PayPal has written to use to say that our account has been restricted and have asked us to remove PayPal as a payment method from our vape store website directory. We do not offer CBD goods like CBD oil. We only provide online marketing services to CBD firms. I have checked out Holland & Barrett– the UK’s Well known Wellness Retail store and if you take a good look, you will see that they supply a rather considerable stable of CBD items, particularly CBD oil and they also happen to take PayPal as a settlement solution. It emerges that PayPal is applying twos sets of rules to many different companies. Because of this limitation, I can no longer take PayPal on my CBD-related web site. This has restrained my payment choices and currently, I am heavily dependent on Cryptocurrency payments and direct bank transfers. I have checked with a barrister from a Magic Circle law firm in London and they stated that what PayPal is doing is completely illegal and inequitable as it should be applying a consistent standard to all firms. I am still to speak to one more lawyer from a US law practice in London to see what PayPal’s legal position is in the USA. For the time being, I would be very appreciative if anyone here at targetdomain could provide me with substitute payment processors/merchants that work with CBD companies.

    1. Fantastic day extremely good web-site!! Man .. Outstanding .. Fantastic .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds also? I’m glad to hunt out quite a few valuable data proper here within the submit, we want develop more strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . .

  12. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not fail me as much as this particular one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read through, nonetheless I really thought you would probably have some

    아바타바카라

    thing helpful to say. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you could fix if you weren’t too busy looking for attention.

    1. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this on to a colleague who were accomplishing slightly research on this. And he the truth is ordered me lunch mainly because I identified it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks with the meal!! But yeah, many thanks for spending time to discuss this matter listed here in your World-wide-web site.

      1. Many thanks for types marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed looking at it, you’re a great creator.I will be sure you bookmark your website and may frequently return incredibly shortly. I desire to really encourage you to carry on your excellent writing, Have got a great holiday weekend!

  13. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who was conducting a little homework on this. And he actually bought me dinner because I found it for him… lol. So let me reword th
    유그
    is…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this subject here on your web site.|

    1. Absolutely feel that which you mentioned. Your preferred justification appeared to be over the internet the easiest detail to know about. I say to you, I certainly get irked even though folks give thought to concerns that they just have no idea about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out The full detail without having aspect-effects , men and women could have a signal. Will probably be again to receive a lot more. Many thanks

  14. By way of introduction, I am Mark Schaefer with Nutritional Products International (nutricompany.com). We serve international and domestic manufacturers seeking to gain more distribution within the United States. Your brand recently caught my attention, so I am contacting you to discuss the possibility of expanding your distribution reach. We provide expertise in all areas of distribution, and our offerings include the following: * Rapid entry into the U.S. market. * Purchase Orders * FDA Regulatory Compliance * Active accounts with major U.S. distributors and retailers. * Our proven sales force has public relations, branding and marketing all under one roof. We maintain active business relationships with over 200,000 distribution outlets across the nation, and we have a direct line of contact with executive-level buyers. Our company has a proven history of initiating accounts and placing orders with major distribution outlets. Our history allows us to have intimate and unique relationships with key buyers across the United States thus giving your brand a fast track to market in a professional manner. Please contact me directly at 561-544-0719 or by replying, so we can discuss your brand further. Kind Regards, Mark Schaefer, Director Of Global Procurement, Nutritional Products International, 101 Plaza Real S, Boca Raton, FL 33432, Office: 561-544-0719

    1. Many thanks for the wonderful submitting! I fairly enjoyed looking at it, you might be a great author.I’ll be sure to bookmark your web site and will finally return at some time. I want to persuade that you choose to continue on your good posts, Use a wonderful weekend!

    1. Wonderful blog site! Do you have got any ideas for aspiring writers? I’m planning to start off my very own Web page before long but I’m just a little missing on every little thing. Would you propose beginning by using a free platform like WordPress or Choose a compensated alternative? There are so many selections on the market that I’m totally overcome .. Any tips? Many thanks a whole lot!

    1. Great working day! This can be type of off subject matter but I would like some steering from an established website. Is it tough to put in place your own blog site? I’m not very techincal but I can figure issues out quite brief. I’m pondering starting my own but I’m not sure wherever to start out. Do you have got any Suggestions or strategies? Many thanks

    2. Thanks for ones great posting! I truly relished examining it, you happen to get a great writer.I will be sure you bookmark your blog and will inevitably come back afterward. I want to inspire continue your great posts, Use a great evening!

    1. Many thanks , I have not long ago been looking for details about this subject for some time and yours is the greatest I’ve found out up to now. But, How about the conclusion? Are you currently confident regarding the source?

    1. Thanks a great deal for offering men and women with a particularly fantastic chance to go through vital assessments from this blog site. It is usually so awesome and full of many pleasurable for me personally and my Workplace acquaintances to visit your website not fewer than thrice each 7 days to check the new strategies you will have. Needless to say, I’m just all the time fascinated regarding the successful procedures served by you. Some two Concepts Within this posting are Certainly the most effective we’ve ever experienced.

      1. Hey There. I found out your weblog the usage of msn. That’sa extremely neatly prepared report. I’ll you should definitelybookmark it and return to browse far more within your useful facts.Thanks with the write-up. I will certainly return.

    1. I very seriously enjoy your blog.. Outstanding colours & theme. Did you make this Web site oneself? Be sure to reply back again as I’m aiming to develop my pretty possess site and wish to know where you bought this from or just what exactly the theme is termed. Quite a few thanks!

    1. Thanks for your individual marvelous publishing! I absolutely liked reading it, you might be an awesome writer.I’ll be sure you bookmark your weblog and will come back To any extent further. I wish to persuade you to carry on your wonderful posts, Use a great weekend!

    1. Hello there pretty wonderful blog!! Male .. Lovely .. Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your blog site and go ahead and take feeds also? I am happy to go looking out lots of helpful information appropriate right here from the article, we’d like develop further methods On this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . . m?¤ltat havre k?¶pa azilopar.se/map10.php

    1. Hi there! This text could not be composed far better! Thinking about this informative article jogs my memory of my past roommate! He usually held preaching concerning this. I most surely will send out this facts to him. Fairly positive he’ll have an excellent study. Thanks for sharing!

    1. It’s in fact a terrific and valuable piece of information. I’m happy that you only shared this valuable information with us. Be sure to stay us current such as this. Many thanks for sharing. toyba.munhea.se/map6.php cykelh??llare file?¶r bil utan dragkrok

    2. A motivating dialogue is unquestionably truly worth remark. I believe that you ought to create additional on this subject, it might not be a taboo issue but commonly people today don’t go over these topics. To the subsequent! Many thanks!!